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contents | bibliography | published lists of cuneiform signs| survey of existing signlists
Publications >signlists

Published lists of cuneiform signs

General

The single most valuable resource for the palaeography of cuneiform in general is:
* C. Fossey, Manuel d'assyriologie, vol. 2: Evolution des cunéiformes (Paris 1926)

Other resources include:
* A. Deimel, Sumerisches Lexikon (3rd ed. Rome 1947)

* R. Labat, Manuel d'épigraphie akkadienne (6th ed. Paris 1988)

* L.-J. Bord, L'écriture Cunéiforme (Paris 2002)

* R. Borger, Mesopotamisches Zeichenlexikon (AOAT 305; Münster 2004) [= MesZL]. Updated version of R. Borger, Assyrisch-babylonische Zeichenliste (AOAT 33; Neukirchen-Vluyn 1978) [= ABZ] pp 627–692. The user may also find F. Ellermeier, Sumerisches Glossar (published by the author 1979ff.) useful.


Late Uruk (archaic)

This period lies outside the remit of the current project but these signforms provide an important source in the understanding of the development of cuneiform.

* A. Falkenstein, Archaische Texte aus Uruk (ATU 1; Berlin-Leipzig 1936) [= ATU]. This signlist is available in pdf form at the CDLI website:
http://early-cuneiform.humnet.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/ATU1/index.html

* M. Rutten, Notes de paléogaphie cunéiforme (Paris 1940) "Extrait de la Revue des études sémitiques-Babyloniaca, 1940."

* M. Green and H. Nissen, Zeichenliste der archaischen Texte aus Uruk (ATU 2; Berlin 1987) [= ZATU]. The user may also find the following reviews useful:
- D.O. Edzard, in ZA 83 (1993) pp136–141
- M. Krebernik, in OLZ 89 (1994) pp380–386
- P. Steinkeller, in BiOr 52 (1995) pp690–714

* R. Englund and J.-P. Grégoire, The Proto-Cuneiform Texts from Jemdet Nasr (MSVO 1; Berlin 1991)

* R. Englund and H. Nissen, Die lexikalischen Listen der archaischen Texte aus Uruk (ATU 3; Berlin 1992) [signlist by M. Green pp167–345, with additions by Englund pp347–350, concordances pp354–371 and an overview by Nissen pp372–374].

 

Early Dynastic

* F. Thureau-Dangin, Recherches sur l'origine de l'écriture cunéiforme (Paris 1898, Supplément 1899) [= REC]

ED I

* S. Langdon, The Herbert Weld Collection in the Ashmolean Museum, Pictographic Inscriptions from Jemdet Nasr (OECT 7; Oxford 1928) pp1–71

* E. Burrows, Archaic Texts (UET 2; London 1935) pp61–62, pls. 1–34. This signlist is available in pdf form at the CDLI website:
http://early-cuneiform.humnet.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/UET2/index.html

* M. Rutten, Notes de paléogaphie cunéiforme (Paris 1940) "Extrait de la Revue des études sémitiques-Babyloniaca, 1940."

ED IIIa (Fara)

* A. Deimel, Liste der archaischen Keilschriftzeichen (WVDOG 40; Berlin 1922) [= LAK]. This signlist is available in pdf form at the CDLI website:
http://early-cuneiform.humnet.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/LAK/index.html

ED IIIb (Old Sumerian, pre-Sargonic Lagash)

* Y. Rosengarten, Répertoire commenté des signes présargoniques sumériens de Lagash (Paris; 1967) [= RSP/Rép.]. This signlist is available in pdf form at the CDLI website:
http://early-cuneiform.humnet.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/Rosengarten/index.html

Ebla

* P. Mander, in G. Pettinato, Testi lessicali monolingui della Biblioteca L. 2769 (MEE 3; Naples 1981) pp285–382

* D. Edzard, Verwaltungstexte verschiedenen Inhalts aus dem Archiv L.2769 (ARET 2; Rome 1981). The user may also find A. Archi, Testi amministrativi: assegnazioni di tessuti (archivio L. 2769) (ARET 1; Rome 1985) pp300–301 and A. Archi, M. Biga, Testi amministrativi di vario contenuto (archivio L. 2769) (ARET 3; Rome 1982) pp400–401, 407–408, G. Conti, Il sillabario della quarta fonte della lista lessicale bilingue eblaita (Quaderna di Semitistica 17; Florence 1990) pp1–60 useful.

Tell Beydar

* W. Sallaberger, in F. Ismail et al., Administrative Documents from Tell Beydar (Seasons 1993–1995) (Subartu 2; Brepols 1996) pp33–67

 

Old Akkadian

* V. Scheil, Recueil de signes archaiques de l'écriture cunéiforme (époque de Shargani, Gudea & des rois de la 2e dynastie d'Ur, 4000–1000 av J.-C.) (Paris 1898)

* I. Gelb, Old Akkadian Writing and Grammar (MAD 2; Chicago 1952) pp218–235

 

Ur III (Neo-Sumerian)

* V. Scheil, Recueil de signes archaiques de l'écriture cunéiforme (époque de Shargani, Gudea & des rois de la 2e dynastie d'Ur, 4000–1000 av J.-C.) (Paris 1898)

* D. Myhrman, Sumerian Administrative Documents Dated in the Reigns of the Second Dynasty of Ur from the Temple Archives of Nippur (BE (A) 3/1; Philadelphia 1910) pp113–139

* J. Nies, Ur Dynasty Tablets: Texts Chiefly from Tello and Drehem Written During the Reigns of Dungi, Bur-Sin, Gimil-Sin, and Ibi-Sin (Assyriologische Bibliothek 25; Leipzig 1920) pp173–180, 181–182

* N. Schneider, Die Keilschriftzeichen der Wirtschaftsurkunden von Ur III nebst ihren charakteristischsten Schreibvarianten (Keilschrift-Palaographie 2; Rome 1935). This signlist is available in pdf form at the CDLI website:
http://early-cuneiform.humnet.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/KWU/index.html

* S.-E. Soosaar, A Sign List to the Cylinders of Gudea (Helsinki 1999)

 

Old Babylonian

* H. Ranke, Babylonian Legal and Business Documents from the Time of the First Dynasty of Babylon, Chiefly from Sippar (BE 6/1; Philadelphia 1906) pp81–90. See also the concordance in Borger, MesZL pp711–712

* O. Schroeder, Altbabylonische Briefe: mit Zeichen- und Namenlisten (VS 16; Leipzig 1917) pp88–95

* A. Deimel, L. Van den Eerenbeemt, Codex Hammurabi 4. Tabulae signorum. collectae a Laurentio van den Eerenbeemt (Scripta Pontificii Instituti Biblici; Rome 1930–1932)

* A. Goetze, Old Babylonian Omen Texts (YOS 10; New Haven and London 1947) pls. CXXVII–CXXXII

* J. Huehnergard, A Grammar of Akkadian (HSS 45; Atlanta, Ga. 1997) pp563–576

* S. Parpola, A Sign List to the Code of Hammurabi (Chicago 1978; reprinted Helsinki 1997)

A signlist from Old Babylonian Sumerian literary texts is in preparation by C. Mittermayer, University of Berne.

Mari

* J. Bottéro, Répertoire analytique des tomes I à V (ARM 15; Paris 1954) pp1–32

* H. Limet, Textes administratifs de l'époque des Shakkanakku (ARM 19; Paris 1976) pp152–158

 

Old Assyrian

* G. Contenau, Trentes tablettes Cappadociennes (Paris 1919) [= TTC] pp137–145

* S. Smith, Cuneiform Texts from Cappadocian Tablets in the British Museum (London 1921) [= CCT] pls. A–B

* F. Thureau-Dangin, Tablettes cappadociennes. 2. série (TCL XIV; Paris 1928)) [= TC II] pp4–6. Logograms are not listed.

 

Middle Babylonian

* A. Clay, Documents from the Temple archives of Nippur dated in the reigns of Cassite rulers (BE A 14; Philadelphia 1906) pp75–86. See also the concordance in Borger, MesZL pp709–710

* W. Hinke, Selected Babylonian kudurru inscriptions (SSS 14; Leiden 1911) pp41–52. See also the concordance in Borger, MesZL pp707–708

A palaeographic signlist for Middle Babylonian is in preparation by L. Sassmanshausen, University of Tübingen

Alalakh

* S. Smith, The Statue of Idrimi (London 1949) pls. 14–17

Amarna

* O. Schroeder, Die Tontafeln von El-Amarna. Texte Nr. 190–202. Nebst Zeichenliste (VS 12; Leipzig 1915) pp73-95. The user may also find Z. Cochavi-Rainey, The Alashia texts from the 14th and 13th centuries BCE: a textual and linguistic study (AOAT 289; Münster 2003) useful. It provides readings but no images of signs.

Amurru

* S. Izre'el, Amurru Akkadian: a linguistic study (HSS 40; Atlanta, Ga. 1991) provides readings but no images of signs.

Emar

* T. Kämmerer, Shimâ milka: Induktion und Reception der mittelbabylonischen Dichtung von Ugarit, Emar und Tell el-'Amarna (AOAT 251; Münster 1998) pp277–345. Akkadian poetry from Emar.

Hattusa

* E. Forrer, Die Keilschrift von Boghazköi (Die Boghazköi-Texte in Umschrift 1–2; WVDOG 41–42; Leipzig 1922–1926)

* C. Ruester + E. Neu, Hethitisches Zeichenlexikon: Inventar und Interpretation der Keilschriftzeichen aus den Bogazköy-Texten (Studien zu den Bogazköy-Texten. Beiheft 2; Wiesbaden 1989)

Nuzi

* G. Contenau, "Les Tablettes de Kerkouk et les Origines de la Civilisation Assyrienne", in Babyloniaca 9 pp162–178

Ugarit

* J. Huehnergard, The Akkadian of Ugarit (HSS 34; Atlanta, Ga. 1989) provides readings but no images of signs.

 

Middle Assyrian

* S. Maul, Die Inschriften von Tall Bderi (BBVO Texte 2. Die Ausgrabung von Tall Bderi 1. Berlin, 1992)

* E. Cancik-Kirschbaum, Die mittelassyrischen Briefe aus Tall Seh Hamad (Berichte der Ausgrabung Tall Seh Hamad / Dur-katlimmu 4. Texte 1. Berlin, 1996)

* K. Radner, Das mittelassyrische Tontafelarchiv von Giricano/Dunnu-Sha-Uzibi (Ausgrabungen in Giricano 1. Subartu 14. Turnhout, 2004)

 

Neo-Babylonian

* Borger, MesZL (see above) pp 693–706. The user may also find the older materials listed in Borger, MesZL p624 useful.

 

Neo-Assyrian

Urartu

* F. Koenig, Handbuch der chaldischen Inschriften (AfO Beiheft 8/1; Graz, 1955, 57)

Elam

* F. Koenig, Die elamischen Königsinschriften (AfO Beiheft 16; Graz, 1965) pls. 28–44

* M. Stolper, Texts from Tall-i Malyan. Vol.1: Elamite and administrative texts (1972–1974) (Occasional publications of the Babylonian Fund 6; Philadelphia 1984)

* M.-J. Stève, Syllabaire Elamite: histoire et paleographie (Civilisations du Proche-Orient. Série II, Philologie 1; Neuchâtel 1992)

 

Late Babylonian

* A. Clay, Business documents of Murashû sons of Nippur dated in the reign of Darius II (424–404 B.C.) (BE A 10 Philadelphia 1904) pp89–96

* O. Schroeder, Kontrakte der Seleukidenzeit aus Warka (VS 15; Leipzig 1916) pp80–87


In addition, a number of older works can be found listed in Borger, MesZL pp624–625.


Users are welcome to suggest additions to this list. To do so, please email us at: cdp_project@bham.ac.uk.

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contents | bibliography | published lists of cuneiform signs| survey of existing signlists

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